Anyone who believes that comfort is the only reason to wear sneakers during training is wrong. These shoes are specifically designed to play sports and their use prevents injuries during sports.
Provide a good base of support for the body
The feet allow us to support the weight of the body. The type of footwear worn by an athlete determines the outcome of his performance. Sports shoes are designed according to the principles of biomechanics.
There are sports shoes for every type of sport. Everything depends on factors such as the type of terrain and the characteristics of each discipline. Many aspects are taken into consideration before producing a model.
The main objective is to offer flexibility, cushioning and grip. As you all know, sports practice involves kinetics at different levels. Being able to move without losing control is a fundamental aspect of this type of product.
What are the aspects to take into consideration when manufacturing sports shoes?
- The surface: in principle, the shoe must facilitate adherence, but must not hinder movement. For example, if the surface is wood, the shoe must guarantee greater adherence. When we are on the asphalt it can have a smoother sole.
- The sporting discipline: every discipline has its game dynamics. Soccer shoes need cleats to allow effective movement on the grass. Those for baseball have to do with the land and its irregularities.
- The shape of the foot: there are hollow, flat and normal feet. Every sport prefers a type of footwear based on these foot morphologies. This is where the studies on biomechanics come into play.
- Weight: according to the discipline they practice, athletes tend to develop different body weights and shapes. In creating the various sports shoes, these differences are taken into consideration, as well as aerodynamics.
Foot morphology is important
People also differ in the type of support: pronator, supinator or neutral. The pronator support is when, during the walk, we place the feet towards the inside. On the contrary, the supinator happens when we place the foot using the external part.
This type of analysis is important because it allows us to determine which (and what kind of) movements we perform most often when we do sports. This type of support occurs above all in the impulse phase, when we jump or run.
This aspect is decisive and professional athletes choose shoes based on their specific type of support. As we have said, there are also those who have neutral support, in this case, the impulse is distributed in a linear manner along the entire foot.
The contribution of sneakers
The sports shoes have to do with flexibility. This is why the materials with which they are produced have a certain level of elasticity. This allows for more natural, aerodynamic and comfortable movements. In general, shoes should not be too tight or too loose.
Sports shoes prevent injuries. Properly adhering to any type of soil, they protect the different areas of the foot. For example, in basketball, it is very common to wear shoes that cover and protect ankles. In this sport, jumps are a fundamental aspect to consider.
Even the cushioning is important because it allows you to avoid injuries in the support phase after the jump. Sports shoes reduce the impact and make it more natural.
Although it is impossible to completely avoid injuries, sports shoes allow them to be prevented. Sprains, tendinitis, and dislocations can be caused by the use of inadequate shoes. With suitable footwear, athletes take less risk.
In addition, the materials used contribute to reducing the appearance of the so-called “athlete’s foot” by avoiding the proliferation of fungi. Even the appearance of wounds or blisters is greatly reduced.
Over the years the use of materials and the design of sports shoes has made great strides. The correct and careful selection of the right shoes allows us to improve our performance and safeguard the health of our feet and legs.